troru tsenam

Professor Troru Tsenam's life has been the very reflection of the fortunes of Tibetan culture during the 20th century, mirroring its glorious heritage, the catastrophies which have befallen it in the last half century, its present hope of survival and its gradual diaspora throughout the world.

Download full article [pdf]



Traditional Tibetan Medicine (TTM) has absorbed two great Asian systems of medicine, namely those of India and China, as well as elements of Mongolian, Persian and other medical systems. It is a vast and highly evolved medical science. Its depth, vastness, subtlety and maturiy as a medical system strike nearly all who come to study it. In Tibet, these theoretical medical studies took at least five years (with a very intense curriculum), followed by years of internship or apprenticeship for practical experience.

Follow this link for a detailed history and in-depth commentary on the principles, diagnoses, therpeutic methods and medicines compiled by Ken Holmes.